Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF)
The Clean Water State Revolving Fund program is recognized as the most successful federal water quality funding program in the nation’s history. The CWSRF program provides funding for the construction of municipal wastewater facilities and implementation of non-point source pollution control and estuary protection projects.
Section 106 of the Clean Water Act authorizes EPA to provide federal assistance to states (including territories, the District of Columbia, and Indian Tribes) and interstate agencies to establish and implement ongoing water pollution control programs. Prevention and control measures supported by State Water Quality Management programs include permitting, pollution control activities, surveillance, monitoring, and enforcement; advice and assistance to local agencies; and the provision of training and public information. The Water Pollution Control Program is helping to foster a watershed protection approach at the state level by looking at states’ water quality problems holistically, and targeting the use of limited finances available for effective program management.
Clean Water Indian Program
The Clean Water Indian Program represents a collaboration between EPA regions, federal agencies, tribal organizations, state agencies, and other entities assisting in the improvement of tribal wastewater infrastructure, water pollution control programs, and capacity development for the effective management of public health and water resource programs.
The Safe Drinking Water Act, as amended in 1996, established the Drinking Water State Revolving Fund to make funds available to drinking water systems to finance infrastructure improvements. The program also emphasized providing funds to smalls and disadvantaged communities and to programs that encourage pollution prevention as a tool for ensuring safe drinking water.
The purpose of the Clean Water Fund is to implement to Department of Environmental Quality’s surface water quality monitoring plan and to implement water pollution controls. The fund is divided into two parts: Surface Water Quality Monitoring Projects and Water Pollution Control Projects.
The Five-Star Program provides modest financial assistance on a competitive basis to support community-based wetland, riparian, and coastal habitat restoration projects that build diverse partnerships and foster local natural resource stewardship through education, outreach, and training activities. The Five-Star Program is sponsored by the National Association of Counties, the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation and the Wildlife Habitat Council, in cooperation with the EPA, the Community-Based Restoration Program within NOAA Fisheries, and others. Projects must involve diverse partnerships of at least five organizations that contribute funding, land, technical assistance, workforce support, and/or other in-kind services.
This Foundation emphasizes innovative and effective wildlife conservation activities in an urban or rural setting. Non-profit groups, educational groups, and governmental units are eligible to apply for these grants.